The locust (robinia pseudoacacia), wrongly called acacia, is a tree in the fabaceae family, native to North America and developing very well in Western Europe. The locust has deciduous leaves, and a large majority of the species are covered with thorns. It is sometimes called carouge.
Uses of locust
Therobinia tree produces flowers, white or pink, in hanging clusters. Pollen from the locust flower produces very high quality honey: acacia honey, a beautiful liquid honey with a light amber color. There are also some species of locust with golden foliage. The locust wood is very popular for making stakes because it is solid and resistant to humidity. The locust flower, fried, is part of the delicious donuts!
Plantation of black locust
This rustic tree is particularly resistant to frost, withstanding temperatures beyond -15 ° C. It is generally planted in autumn, in a sunny place or slightly in the shade. The locust, which can measure from 4 to 25 meters in height, forms very pretty thickets.
Maintenance of the locust
The plant called acacia false acacia does not require much maintenance, it is simply necessary to water it normally during its first years of growth. Pruning is generally done at the end of flowering, which takes place in May and June, or even in the middle of winter.
Black locust diseases
In particularly cold places, trees shrivel up under repeated frost. Their growth in height and diameter is suddenly slowed down, and various parasites and secondary diseases take the opportunity to attack. In addition, the branches of the locust being fragile and its wood splitting easily, the trees are frequently broken by wind, snow and ice. Damage to the roots (white grubs and other larvae), as well as to the stem and leaves (hemp aphids, rabbits), have no lasting effect on growth.
Virtues of black locust
The tree has antispasmodic, emollient, tonic and cholagogues properties. It is particularly indicated in case of anemia, headache and difficult digestion. On the other hand, its root is toxic.