The characteristics of nashi
Type: fruit tree
Height: from 80 cm to 1 m, from 1 to 2 m, from 2 to 5 m
Flower colors: white
Fruit name: nashi
Desired exposure: sunny
Type of soil: well drained
Interview: moderate watering, easy to maintain
variety: Nijisseiki, Shinseiki, Hosui, Ya Li, Chojuro
Origins and peculiarities of nashi
The nashi (pyrus pirifolia) is a Asian pear tree which belongs to the Rosaceae family, and which bears the same name as its fruits. It is found in China, Japan and Korea; in other countries of the globe, it is hardly cultivated.
Nashi is a fruit tree relatively small (even when ripe, it never exceeds 5 meters high) which looks very much like a pear tree - of which it is a cousin -, in particular with its white flowers drawing towards the rosé with which it is covered in April.
With its weeping habit, its pretty leaves that offer magnificent nuances in the fall, its colorful fruits and its small size, the nashi is a fruit tree that plays wonderfully with ornamental trees in a garden or orchard.
Nashi, fruit of the nashi pear tree
Among the fifteen varieties of trees, nashi is the only one whose fruits all have the same rounded shape. This is why novices often confuse thenashi pear with the apple. But, with its particular taste and crunchy and melting texture, doubt disappears, as the subtle and sweet aromas of nashi remind those of the more traditional pear.
In addition to its high water content (88mg / 100g), the nutritional values of nashi pear are mainly focused on the large intake of magnesium (35mg / 100g) as well as the vitamin C that this fruit provides. Its low calorific value (58Kcal) makes it an ally for light snacks.
Like the common pear trees, the nashi can be planted in the fall, for a shrub with bare roots, or in the spring, for a specimen sold in a pot. This fruit tree likes well-drained, non-calcareous soil with enough sun.
The nashi being a fairly rustic tree, it can bear cold and temperatures down to -20 ° C.
Note: for good pollination and therefore a good fruit harvest, it may be worth planting your nashi pear next to another nashi or other pear in an orchard.
The first nashi pears appear on average within two years after planting.
This Asian pear tree requires only a fattening period in early spring (scratch the soil at the foot of the tree and bring compost) to allow it to give beautiful fruits.
In terms of watering, the nashi will not require any effort; unless the year of planting is especially dry, in which case you can water it a little.
At the end of the season, the nashi only needs to be rid of its dead wood. Pruning its youngest branches will help it produce more fruit.
Also be sure to pick some fruit to prevent the branches from bending under their weight.
Once the nashi is rid of any excess fruit after flowering, the pears are harvested from July until the start of autumn. It is essential to pick the ripe fruits because they no longer ripen once detached from the tree. So they are said to be non-climacteric fruits.
Diseases and parasites of nashi
Logically, the diseases that affect nashi pear are the same as for conventional pear, namely:
- The codling moth.
- The scab.