Characteristics of the Damascus Nigella
- Type: flower and flowering plant
- Height: from 0 to 30 cm, from 30 to 60 cm, from 60 to 80 cm
- Flower colors: white, pink, purple, blue
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: sandy, dry, drained, acidic
- Foliage: spent
- Interview: moderate watering, easy to maintain
- sanitizer: no
- diseases: snails and slugs
Origins and peculiarities of the Damascus Nigella
Attached to the family of buttercups, the damascus nigella (Nigella Damascena in Latin, also known as the hair of Venus, black cumin or even spider's leg) is a flowering ornamental plant native to southern Europe. Very decorative, this plant is appreciated for its thin pale green deciduous foliage, its multicolored flowers in the shape of a star (which make magnificent bouquets!), But also its fruits. Indeed, after having wilted, the pretty flowers of the Damascus nigella give large round very aesthetic fruits which can very well be kept once picked and dried.
In the garden, the Damascus nigelles are perfect in beds or borders, between them or associated with other colorful flowers for an avalanche of colors and shapes! It is also interesting to place them at the foot of perennial plants or shrubs to avoid having empty spaces. Venus hair can also be grown in pots or in a planter on a balcony or terrace.
There are several varieties of different colors. For blue tones, choose a Damascus nigelle "blue Midget". For pink tones, it will be necessary to turn to the variety "Mulberry Rose". It is also possible to vary the colors by planting different species and varieties. The height of the nigella depends on the variety and the species. If the "dwarf" variety does not exceed 20 cm in height like the "shorty" nigella, some reach 50-70 cm.
Uses of black cumin seeds in cooking
The Nigella seeds are often used in Middle Eastern cuisine ... but beware: these are not seeds of the damascus nigella, but those of another species, Nigella Sativa, which is cultivated exclusively for its culinary use (even if, consumed in large quantities, they can cause digestive problems).
Anyway, the seeds of the hair of Venus and all other floral species should not be consumed!
Plantation of the Damascus Nigella
For the black cumin plantation, it is necessary :
- A good amount of sunshine (18 ° C minimum).
- A spacing of 20 cm between each plane.
- Sandy, dry soil.
The Venus hair planting is always done in early spring on warm soil by sowing. Regular watering should be done to help the plant express itself, as well as a supply of compost. For crops in cold regions, remember to place the plant in a greenhouse or in a warm place because black cumin can not stand the cold; it is therefore advisable to cultivate it in a pot or a container.
To note : the spider's leg is not transplanted. To multiply it, it is imperative to use the sowing method. It is the only effective means of reproduction.
Maintenance of the Damascus Nigella
The Damascus Nigella is a plant that does not need special attention. Just be sure to water regularly in hot weather to keep the soil cool.
Flowering takes place from June and ends in September: if you remove the wilted flowers, the nigella will not produce fruit and therefore no seeds!
Enemies and diseases of the Damascus Nigella
The Damascus nigella is a fairly resistant flower, and we do not know of any specific diseases.
It can, however, be prey to slugs and snails that feed on the new leaves. Gardeners recommend installing beer-based traps. In the event that this trick is not enough, it will be necessary to dislodge the pests with an anti-slug product.