Before undermining its facade, it is better to learn about the law and local regulations to avoid being punished. The point on what you need to know.
What does the law on restorations say?
The law stipulates that building facades must be kept in good condition and cleaned up "at least every ten years". In fact, the municipal authority (because it is the municipalities that are responsible for enforcing this law) rarely requires an owner to renovate its facade if it is in good condition. On the other hand, in the event that it is damaged, it is better to have it renovated as soon as possible.
What are the steps to follow to legally restore your facade?
The owner must first file a declaration of work with the town hall on which the building depends. The maximum response time is one month. It is also necessary to consult the POS (Land Use Plan) or the PLU (Local Urban Plan) of the city which determines the palette of colors and the products authorized in the municipality. If the house or building is located in the city center, you must also ask the town hall for a temporary occupation permit in the public domain to install scaffolding. If it is a company which is in charge of the restoration, it will take care, in principle, itself to ask for this authorization. In the case of a building classified as Historic Monuments, registered in the inventory or located within the perimeter of a historic monument, it is then necessary to obtain the agreement of the architect of the Buildings of France.
What are the risks for the owner who does not swallow his facade?
If the owner does not react to the municipal authority's order, the town hall will first write to him and then send him reminder letters. If he does not react, the mayor may issue a work execution decree. At the end of six months, the state of offense may be noted and the owner risks a fine of € 3,750, plus € 7,500 in the event of a repeat offense. Finally, if the work has still not been carried out, the regional court may order the execution of the restoration automatically at the owner's expense. Please note: there are also sometimes municipal regulations recommending or prohibiting certain cleaning techniques. This is the case, for example, in Paris and Lyon.